Transport law regulates the relationship between the carrier and the transporter. In practice, however, these two terms are very often confused. Transportation is not the same as carriage and the transporter is not the same as carrier.
The transporter is the common name for the consignor and the consigneeand the carriage is thus the sum of all activities that are associated with the transfer of goods from the place of dispatch to the place of receipt (packaging, storage, loading, unloading, etc.). Part of the process of carriage goods is also transportation, which represents only the physical movement of the object of transport by means of transport along a transport route, and the carrier is thus a legal entity or a natural person who owns or operates a means of transport.
Transport law can be divided into international and national transport law. While international traffic law is governed primarily by international agreements and conventions, national traffic law is subject to the legal norms of the Slovak Republic (in particular Act No. 513/1991 Coll., The Commercial Code, as amended, or Act No. 40/1964 Coll., The Civil Code, as amended).